Bioenergetics and Thermodynamics
Atkins, P.W. (1984) The Second Law, Scientific American Books, Inc., New York.
A well-illustrated and elementary discussion of the second law and its implications.
Blum, H.F. (1968) Time’s Arrow and Evolution, 3rd edn, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Cantor, C.R. & Schimmel, P.R. (1980) Biophysical Chemistry, W.H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.
This and the next two books are outstanding advanced treatments of thermodynamics.
Dickerson, R.E. (1969) Molecular Thermodynamics, W.A. Benjamin, Inc., Menlo Park, CA.
Edsall, J.T. & Gutfreund, H. (1983) Biothermodynamics: The Study of Biochemical Processes at Equilibrium, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
Ingraham, L.L. & Pardee, A.B. (1967) Free energy and entropy in metabolism. In Metabolic Pathways, 3rd edn, Vol. I (Greenberg, D.M., ed), pp. 1–46, Academic Press, Inc., New York.
Klotz, I.M. (1967) Energy Changes in Biochemical Reactions, Academic Press, Inc., New York.
Brief and nonmathematical introduction to thermodynamics for biochemists, with many illustrative examples.
Morowitz, H.J. (1970) Entropy for Biologists: An Introduction to Thermodynamics, Academic Press, Inc., New York.
A good introduction to thermodynamics in biology, not limited to a discussion of entropy.
Rothman, T. (1989) Science à la Mode, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Chapter 4, “The Evolution of Entropy”, is an excellent discussion of entropy in biology.
van Holde, K.E. (1985) Physical Biochemistry, 2nd edn, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Chapters 1 through 3 cover the thermodynamic concepts discussed in this chapter.
Phosphate Group Transfers and ATP
Alberty, R.A. (1969) Standard Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy changes as a function of pH and pMg for several reactions involving adenosine phosphates. J. Biol. Chem. 244, 3290–3302.
This research paper documents the strong dependence of the free energy of ATP hydrolysis on the concentrations of H+ and Mg2+.
Bock, R.M. (1960) Adenine nucleotides and properties of pyrophosphate compounds. In The Enzymes, 2nd edn, Vol. 2 (Boyer, P.D., Lardy, H., & Myrback, K., eds), pp. 3–38, Academic Press, Inc., New York.
Bridger, W.A. & Henderson, J.F. (1983) Cell ATP, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
The chemistry of ATP, the role of ATP in metabolic regulation, and the catabolic and anabolic roles of ATP.
Hanson, R.W. (1989) The role of ATP in metabolism. Biochem. Educ. 17, 86–92.
Excellent summary of the chemistry and biology of ATP.
Harold, F.M. (1986) The Vital Force: A Study of Bioenergetics, W.H. Freeman and Company, New York.
A beautifully clear discussion of thermodynamics in biological processes.
Jencks, W.P. (1990) How does ATP make work? Chemtracts–Biochem. Mol. Biol. 1, 1–13.
A clear and sophisticated description of ATP energy transductions in ion transport, muscle contraction, oxidative phosphorylation, and photophosphorylation.
Kalckar, H.M. (1969) Biological Phosphorylations: Development of Concepts, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
An historical account by one of the central participants in the study of biological phosphorylations.
Lipmann, F. (1941) Metabolic generation and utilization of phosphate bond energy. Adv. Enzymol. 11, 99–162.
The classic description of the role of high-energy phosphate compounds in biology.
Pullman, B. & Pullman, A. (1960) Electronic structure of energy-rich phosphates. Radiat. Res. Suppl. 2, pp. 160–181.
An advanced discussion of the chemistry of ATP and other “energy-rich” compounds.
Westheimer, F.H. (1987) Why nature chose phosphates. Science 235, 1173–1178.
A chemist's description of the unique suitability of phosphate esters and anhydrides for metabolic transformations.
|Biological Oxidation–Reduction Reactions|
Dolphin, D., Avramovic, O., & Poulson, R. (eds) (1987) Pyridine Nucleotide Coenzymes: Chemical, Biochemical, and Medical Aspects, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
An excellent two-volume collection of authoritative reviews. Among the most useful of these are the chapters by Kaplan, Westheimer, Veech, and Ohno and Ushio.
Latimer, W.M. (1952) Oxidation Potentials, 2nd edn, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New York.
Montgomery, R. & Swenson, C.A. (1976) Quantitative Problems in the Biochemical Sciences, 2nd edn, W.H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.
Segel, I.H. (1976) Biochemical Calculations, 2nd edn, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.